Biography of Giuseppe Ungaretti
Giuseppe Ungaretti was born in 1888 in
Alexandria in Egypt to Italian parents from Lucca. He spent his
childhood and adolescence in Africa. In 1912 he moved to Paris, where he met
leading figures from Parisian culture and a number of Italian writers living in France
(including Palazzeschi, Savinio and Soffici).
After returning to Italy in 1914, he gained a qualification to teach French and soon afterwards
left for the war as an infantry private. The experience of the trenches was to have
a profound effect on his work.
In 1917 he published his first collection of poetry, "Il porto sepolto", which was released in a very limited
edition. This was followed in 1919 by "Allegria di naufragi". After working
as the Paris correspondent for "Popolo dItalia", in 1933
he published what is perhaps his best-known work, "Sentimento del tempo".
In 1936 he settled in Brazil, where for several years he
worked as a university lecturer. In 1939, his son Antonietto died at the age of nine. His grief
found expression in the lyric poems of "Il dolore" (1947).
In 1942 he returned to Italy, where he was offered the chair of modern and
contemporary literature at the University of Rome. Subsequently, he published the collections
"La terra promessa" (1950), "Un grido e paesaggi" (1952), and
taccuino del vecchio" (1960). In 1961, he published a book of prose entitled
deserto e dopo". The posthumous collection "Saggi e interventi" (1974) was published after his death in Milan in 1970.